What is Herpes Simplex Virus?

herpes simplex virus

Herpes simplex is a kind of virus that causes skin diseases. The infection lasts a lifetime and produces painful or itchy sores and blisters that appear and disappear. Herpes simplex virus seldom causes serious issues. However, it can be harmful to newborns and persons with compromised immune systems.

Herpes comes in two varieties. HSV-1 usually affects your lips and face. HSV-2 usually affects your vaginal region. Herpes is a lifetime ailment once contracted. Sores that last up to 10 days are common symptoms. Some people have no herpes symptoms. Others choose antiviral medication to control outbreaks.

HSV-1 is the most common cause of oral herpes, which is characterized by cold sores or fever blisters around the mouth or on the face.
HSV-2 is the most common cause of genital herpes, which produces sores on or around your genitals, anus, buttocks, and inner thighs. Sores can also form inside the vagina.

Herpes is spread by close contact with an infected individual. Skin and saliva contain the virus. When you have sores, you have the highest chance of spreading the herpes simplex virus to someone else. Even if you have no symptoms, you can infect someone else. This is referred to as asymptomatic viral shedding by doctors.

How to treat Herpes Simplex Virus?

Some people have few or no herpes outbreaks and refuse therapy. Many patients, however, choose to utilize drugs that minimize outbreaks and alleviate symptoms.

You can use an antiviral lotion or ointment to ease your symptoms during an epidemic and hasten their resolution, but this only works if you begin using it soon after the outbreak begins. Many HSV-2 patients use daily oral medicines such as acyclovir or valacyclovir to prevent outbreaks.

Antiviral drugs might also lessen your risk of shedding the virus while you are symptom-free or transferring it during an episode.

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