Scalp Psoriasis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

scalp psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disorder caused by the immune system. On the scalp, it might result in elevated, itchy, and scaly plaques since it frequently affects the skin. Various drugs can aid with symptom management. The entire scalp may be affected by scalp psoriasis or it may just show up in areas. Additionally, it can go to the hairline, the area behind or inside the ears, and the upper neck.

It is rare to contract scalp psoriasis from another individual. We don’t know what causes it, as we don’t know what causes other varieties. Doctors believe it is caused by a problem with your immune system, which causes skin cells to develop too fast and form patches. If you have a family history of scalp psoriasis, you are more likely to get it.

Scalp psoriasis can be minor and virtually undetectable. However, it can be severe, linger for a long period, and develop thick, crusted sores. When you scratch a lot, you run the risk of developing skin infections and losing your hair. Severe itching can interfere with your sleep and daily activities.

Symptoms

  • Dry Scalp
  • Itchiness
  • Irritation or pain
  • Burning
  • Hair loss
  • Flakes
  • Patches
  • White or gray scales

Causes

Scalp psoriasis is an immune-related condition. Inflammation results from an overreaction on the part of your immune system, which prompts rapid cell growth in a new skin.

Scalp psoriasis can run in families, but the causes are complicated. Environmental exposures may include skin damage, sunburn, medicines, stress, and other autoimmune or inflammatory health disorders. Parents may pass it on to their children.

Skin cells regenerate every 28 to 30 days on average. New skin cells proliferate and travel to the skin surface every three to four days in patients with scalp psoriasis. The replacement of old cells with new cells results in thick areas of skin.

Scalp Psoriasis Treatment

This is the most often used therapy. One or more of the following medications may be included in your treatment plan.

Medicated shampoos: A shampoo containing clobetasol propionate may be recommended by your dermatologist if you have difficult-to-treat scalp psoriasis. When used in a shampoo, this may be highly effective. According to studies, patients can use this shampoo each day without risk for up to four weeks. It’s also OK to use it once or twice a week to keep the benefits going.

Coal tar: Although it is less commonly used nowadays, coal tar may be advised if your scalp itches. When looking for a psoriasis shampoo, you’ll see that some include coal tar. You may get the ones with a lower proportion of coal tar without a prescription.

Tazarotene: Before going to bed, most individuals dab their scalp lightly with this medication. They shower it off when they wake up. A powerful corticosteroid, such calcipotriene, may be added to your treatment regimen. This can aid in better cleansing.

Calcipotriene: Most individuals apply calcipotriene, a synthetic vitamin D compound, to their scalps before night. After applying the medication to your scalp, your dermatologist might also advise donning a shower hat. This allows the medication to penetrate the thick psoriasis areas.

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