Types of Antibiotics: Uses and Side Effects

types of antibiotics

Antibiotics are a class of medications used to treat infections. In addition to being administered intravenously, antibiotics can be taken orally as liquids, tablets, or capsules. Various skin infections can be treated with antibiotic creams, ointments, or lotions that are applied directly to the skin. Most often, those who require an antibiotic injection are hospitalized due to a serious infection.

Types of Antibiotics:

Typically, antibiotics are categorized according to how they function. Each type of antibiotic is only effective against particular parasites or bacteria. For this reason, various antibiotics are used to treat various infections. The most common varieties of antibiotics are:

  • Tetracycline and doxycycline
  • Penicillin and amoxicillin
  • Cephalexin
  • Azithromycin, erythromycin, and clarithromycin
  • Ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, and levofloxacin
  • Gentamycin and tobramycin


Antibiotics can be used to treat variety of bacterial infections but they are not effective against viral infections. They are also used to treat acne. Additionally, antibiotics aid in preventing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and impetigo. Antibiotics also helps to speed up the recovery process who suffers from kidney diseases. They also helps in the treatment of serious complications such as pneumonia.

Side Effects:

  • Vomiting
  • Stomach Upset
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of lips, face and tongue
  • Vaginal Itching

It’s possible that some antibiotics will interact with other medications you’re taking. This might result in side effects or lessen how well one or more treatments work. So, if you take any other medications, you should let your doctor know before receiving an antibiotic prescription.

You should consult a doctor who will prescribe you a right antibiotic if you are allergic to the medication. Certain antibiotics should not be taken while pregnant, but your health professional will be able to advise you on which one is appropriate if an antibiotic is required.

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